The world is battling coronavirus in the mean time, which is thought to have an effect on completely different individuals in several methods. “Along with fever and lung fibrosis, even blood clotting may be seen in some patients,” mentioned Dr Chetan Bhambure, guide interventional heart specialist, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road.
Everything you’ll want to find out about blood clotting
Clotting of blood is helpful in an harm. But if it clots inside a blood vessel with out harm, it may well trigger life-threatening issues. The virus invades and damages endothelial cells, triggering the physique’s clotting mechanism. The harm to the tissues round them as a consequence of viral an infection or the physique’s immune response causes elevated clotting. An improve in inflammatory molecules that our immune system produces in response to viral an infection can activate clotting. Various research have advised that the platelets of individuals hospitalised with COVID-19 have been discovered to be hyperactive, having elevated activation and aggregation (clumping), he defined.
Who is at a better danger of creating blood clots?
Some persons are at greater danger for creating clots. “These include hospitalised patients, patients with high blood levels of d-dimer (a marker for clotting), and comorbidities like heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. Thus, these patients need to be extra cautious if they contract the covid infection,” expressed Dr Bhambure.
Clotting may cause a number of issues like a coronary heart assault if an artery of the guts will get blocked; stroke whereby an artery of the mind is blocked inflicting paralysis; pulmonary embolism whereby an artery within the lungs will get blocked inflicting a sudden drop in blood stress and blood oxygen ranges; limb ischemia which is a clot within the artery of legs; mesenteric ischemia that may be a clot within the arteries supplying blood to the intestines; deep vein thrombosis whereby blood clots within the veins of the legs may end up in pulmonary embolism; and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis which is clots within the veins of the mind.
What is the remedy?
The remedy: The sufferers who at excessive danger of creating clots are handled with a blood thinner or an anticoagulant which can stop clots formation. Even injections and medicine as prescribed by the physician will probably be given to those sufferers, mentioned Dr Bhambure.
How to stop blood clots?
The danger of blood clotting may be diminished by staying lively. Exercise recurrently and keep away from sitting for lengthy hours.
Losing extra weight may also help to scale back the chance of blood clotting in overweight individuals. Stop smoking. Smoking damages the lungs and might improve the probabilities of blood clotting. “Certain medicines like oral contraceptives, hormone alternative remedy, and sure cancer medicine can improve the chance of clotting. Hence, this must be mentioned with the treating physician,” remarked Dr Bhambure.
Takeaway: The greatest approach to assist stop COVID-19-related blood clots is by taking steps to keep away from getting contaminated. The best technique to keep away from this extremely contagious virus is to observe bodily distancing, wash arms steadily, put on a face masks correctly, and keep away from touching the nostril, mouth, and eyes with unwashed arms.