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NEW DELHI: The alertness and diligence of Indian civil engineers, corresponding to erstwhile Bikaner state chief engineer Kanwar Sain, in realising the strategic significance of Ferozepur headworks of the Sutlej remaining in Indian arms led to an pressing intervention that moved the Radcliffe line a number of essential kilometre west. A final hour plea by Jawaharlal Nehru to Lord Louis Mountbatten, India’s final viceroy, on Ferozepur, amongst different points, may need held again the Radclifffe award by a number of days. When the award was introduced on August 17, 1947, your entire space on the left financial institution with the Gang(a) canal was Indian territory, reveals a brand new ebook — ‘Indus Basin Interrupted’ by Uttam Sinha, presently with the IDSA.
Using authentic correspondence and memoirs of key individuals, Sinha, who holds a Phd from JNU, says the scenario was not so sanguine only a week earlier. The chief engineer of Punjab, Sarup Singh, found on August eight that the DC of Ferozepur had been requested to pick tehsil headquarters outdoors the world additionally excluding Zira and Fazilka — a powerful trace the world was going to west Punjab.
Singh despatched a secret sealed letter to Sain explaining the gravity of the scenario. Disturbed by the prospects of the headworks being misplaced to Pakistan, Sain lobbied a key official, Sardar Pannikar, who had the ear of the Bikaner royal Sadul Singh. The maharaja was urged to make use of his wonderful contacts with Mountbatten as disruption of the canals could be catastrophic for the state. The royal wrote to Mountbatten that he vastly feared an antagonistic award will “gravely prejudice the interest of Bikaner as its economic life is greatly dependent on water supply from the Gang canal.” He additional threatened that he would be part of Pakistan if his considerations weren’t heeded.
The Viceroy was chilly to Pannikar, who was deputed to satisfy him, however the official together with Sain spoke urgently with Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. The consultations on the fateful day of August 11 noticed Nehru vigorously informing Mountbatten that from the strategic and irrigation standpoint, it is going to be “most dangerous” to let Ferozepur go to Pakistan.
No space east of the Sutlej needs to be a part of Pakistan and there needs to be no joint management of electrical energy. The similar night it was made public that the award will likely be delayed by a number of days. Matters have been aided by Radcliffe’s preliminary draft being proven to Lala Adjudhia, chairman of the central waterways fee, who tipped off Patel. Radcliffe was summoned by Mountbatten and the map modified.

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